Lilies are native to the northern temperate regions. Their range extends across much of Europe, the north Mediterranean, across most of Asia to Japan, south to the Nilgiri mountains in India, and south to the Philippines. They also extend from southern Canada through much of the USA. A few species formerly included within this genus have now been placed in other genera. These include Cardiocrinum. Lilies are commonly adapted to either woodland mountain habitats.



Scientific Name

Common Name

Common Uses

Lilium auratum

Japanese golden rayed lily

Lily from Japan, white bowl shaped flowers with a golden ray down the centre of petals and crimson spots. The flowers are fragrant and will make a great cut flower.

Lilium bulbiferum

Orange lily

The bulbs edible. Sweet and mealy, these lilies make very fair eating and can be used as a substitute to potato.

Lilium canadense

Canada lily

Scented use

Lilium candidum

Madonna lily

The bulb is employed for medicinal purposes, having highly demulcent and also astringent properties.

Lilium henryi

Henry’s lily

relieve congestion, and the nausea and vomiting of pregnancy

Lilium japonicum


nourishing and useful in diseases of the chest

Lilium tigrinum

Tiger lily

Lily from China with light glowing orage colored flowers with purplish black spots and protruding stamens. They are late flowering, black stem bulbils with stem rooting

Lilium lancifolium

Tiger lily

produce edible bulbs

Lilium longiflorum

Easter lily

Rrumpet shaped, white and waxy flowers that are early flowering and stem rooting, mostly used in flower beds

Lilium martagon

Martagon lily, Turkscap lily

The bulb has diuretic, emmenagogue, emollient and expectorant properties. They are used to relieve heart diseases, pain in the cardiac region and angina pectoris.

Lilium pardalinum

Panther lily

The flowers are 1.5 metres tall, red in color with a yellow centre and maroon spots on it, the bulbs of which are edible.

Lilium regale

Regal lily

Plant in groups integrated in a perennial border.

Lilium speciosum

Japanese lily

The flowers diffuse a powerful sweet honey perfume.


Source: Wikipedia


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